Christopher McDougall – Sme zrodeny pre beh?

Moj prvy pokus o preklad Anglictiny do Slovenciny:

Ak by ste to chceli niekto zlepsil, tu je obsah suboru SRT (vs. 1.0), treba do neho dorobit Slovenske akcenty (bohuzial nemam Sk klavesnicu) a tiez treba poupravovat chyby v preklade, pravopisne chyby a casovanie.

Tu je to na stiahnutie priamo, v zip formate:
Christopher_McDougall__Are_we_born_to_run-Sk

V pripade, ze si na to najdete niekto cas, prosim pripojte novu verziu do komentara.

1
00:00:00,000 –> 00:00:03,000
Beh: Je v podstate len prava, lava, prava, lava – ze?

2
00:00:03,000 –> 00:00:05,000
V podstate to robime 2 miliony rokov uz,

3
00:00:05,000 –> 00:00:08,000
takze je celkom arogantne, ze chcem

4
00:00:08,000 –> 00:00:10,000
nieco podstatne dodat

5
00:00:10,000 –> 00:00:13,000
k tomu co uz bolo davno povedane a vymyslene.

6
00:00:13,000 –> 00:00:15,000
Zaujimava vec na behani, ako som zistil,

7
00:00:15,000 –> 00:00:17,000
je to, ze bizarne veci

8
00:00:17,000 –> 00:00:19,000
sa deju v tejto vcelku jednoduchej cinnosti.

9
00:00:19,000 –> 00:00:22,000
Napriklad: Pred par mesiacmi, ak ste sledovali New York City Maraton,

10
00:00:22,000 –> 00:00:24,000
tak varucim, ze ste videli nieco, co

11
00:00:24,000 –> 00:00:27,000
nikto nikdy predtym este nevidel.

12
00:00:27,000 –> 00:00:29,000
Etiopska zena Derartu Tulu bola jedna z zien

13
00:00:29,000 –> 00:00:31,000
na startovaciej ciare.

14
00:00:31,000 –> 00:00:33,000
Ma 37 rokov,

15
00:00:33,000 –> 00:00:35,000
za poslednych 8 rokov nevyhrala maraton ziadneho druhu,

16
00:00:35,000 –> 00:00:37,000
a par mesiacov dozadu

17
00:00:37,000 –> 00:00:39,000
skoro zomrela pri porode.

18
00:00:39,000 –> 00:00:42,000
Derartu Tulu bola pripravene zavesit behanie na klinec a odist z tohto sportu,

19
00:00:42,000 –> 00:00:44,000
ale rozhodla sa, pre zmenu

20
00:00:44,000 –> 00:00:46,000
, skusit jednej z najznamejsich

21
00:00:46,000 –> 00:00:48,000
bezeckych pretekov,

22
00:00:48,000 –> 00:00:50,000
New York City Maraton.

23
00:00:50,000 –> 00:00:53,000
Avsak – a co je zlou spravou pre Derartu Tulu – aj niektori ini ludia mali rovnaky napad,

24
00:00:53,000 –> 00:00:55,000
vratane zlatej olympijskej medailistky

25
00:00:55,000 –> 00:00:58,000
Pauly Radcliffovej, ktora je doslova a do pismena monstrum,

26
00:00:58,000 –> 00:01:02,000
je totiz z najrychlejsia zena v historii maratonu.

27
00:01:02,000 –> 00:01:04,000
S jej casom iba 10 minut svetovym muzskym rekordom,

28
00:01:04,000 –> 00:01:07,000
Paula Radcliffova je v podstate neporazitelna.

29
00:01:07,000 –> 00:01:09,000
Je to pre nu vyhrata sutaz.

30
00:01:09,000 –> 00:01:12,000
Sutaz sa odstartovala, a ona nie je medzi tymi bez sance;

31
00:01:12,000 –> 00:01:14,000
ona je az nimi.

32
00:01:14,000 –> 00:01:16,000
Ale aj ked bez sance snazi sa co moze.

33
00:01:16,000 –> 00:01:19,000
A na 35-tich kilometroch 42 kilometroveho zavodu,

34
00:01:19,000 –> 00:01:21,000
vidime Derartu Tulu

35
00:01:21,000 –> 00:01:23,000
bezat vo vedeni maratonu.

36
00:01:23,000 –> 00:01:26,000
A teraz je ten moment, ked sa stalo nieco naozaj bizarne.

37
00:01:26,000 –> 00:01:29,000
Paula Radcliffova, osoba, ktora zarucene ukradne obrovsku sumu penazi

38
00:01:29,000 –> 00:01:32,000
z ruk smoliarky Derartu Tulu,

39
00:01:32,000 –> 00:01:35,000
sa zrazu chyta za nohu a zacina spomalovat.

40
00:01:35,000 –> 00:01:37,000
Teraz vsetci tusime, co sa robi v takejto situacii, ze ano?

41
00:01:37,000 –> 00:01:39,000
Das jej rychlo jednu laktom do zubov

42
00:01:39,000 –> 00:01:41,000
a uhanas co najrychlejsie k cielovej ciare.

43
00:01:42,000 –> 00:01:44,000
Dearartu Tulu vsak pokazila skript.

44
00:01:44,000 –> 00:01:46,000
Namiesto toho, aby vzlietla za cielom,

45
00:01:46,000 –> 00:01:48,000
ona tiez spomaluje, a chyta Paulu Radcliffovu,

46
00:01:48,000 –> 00:01:50,000
hovori: “Pod. Pod s nami. Dokazes to urobit.”

47
00:01:50,000 –> 00:01:52,000
A Paula Radcliffova, to bohuzial dokaze.

48
00:01:52,000 –> 00:01:54,000
Opat dohana hlavne vedenie zavodu

49
00:01:54,000 –> 00:01:56,000
a tlaci sa smerom k cielovej ciare.

50
00:01:56,000 –> 00:01:58,000
Ale potom opat len pada spat.

51
00:01:58,000 –> 00:02:00,000
A druhykrat Derartu Tulu ju chyta a snazi sa ju tlacit dopredu.

52
00:02:00,000 –> 00:02:02,000
A Paula Radcliffe v tomto bode hovori,

53
00:02:02,000 –> 00:02:04,000
“Ja uz nemozem. Ty chod dopredu.”

54
00:02:04,000 –> 00:02:07,000
Takze je to fantasticky pribeh, a vsetci vieme, ako to skonci.

55
00:02:07,000 –> 00:02:09,000
Derartu nedostane prvu cenu ani velku odmenu za vyhraty maraton,

56
00:02:09,000 –> 00:02:11,000
avsak odide domov s niecim vacsim a dolezitejsim.

57
00:02:11,000 –> 00:02:14,000
Avsak Derartu nam ruca aj tento skript.

58
00:02:14,000 –> 00:02:17,000
Namiesto toho, aby stratila, ona sa vzenie do vedenia a vyhrava,

59
00:02:17,000 –> 00:02:19,000
vyhrava New York City Maraton,

60
00:02:19,000 –> 00:02:21,000
a nakoniec odchadza domov s pekne tucnym sekom.

61
00:02:21,000 –> 00:02:23,000
Je to potesujuci pribeh,

62
00:02:23,000 –> 00:02:25,000
ale ak by ste sa v tom vrtali trochu hlbsie,

63
00:02:25,000 –> 00:02:28,000
museli by ste sa trochu divit, co presne sa stalo.

64
00:02:28,000 –> 00:02:30,000
Ked mate dve protilahlosti v jednom organizme,

65
00:02:30,000 –> 00:02:32,000
nie je to nahoda.

66
00:02:32,000 –> 00:02:35,000
Ked mate niekoho, kto je konkurencieschopnejsi a sucitnejsi

67
00:02:35,000 –> 00:02:38,000
nez ktokolvek iny v zavode, opat to nie je nahoda.

68
00:02:38,000 –> 00:02:41,000
Ak mi ukazete zviera s plavacimi blanami a ziabrami,

69
00:02:41,000 –> 00:02:43,000
viem ze je nejako spojene s vodou.

70
00:02:43,000 –> 00:02:46,000
Niekto s takym velkym srdcom,… proste tam musi byt urcity druh spojenia.

71
00:02:46,000 –> 00:02:48,000
A odpoved je, myslim,

72
00:02:48,000 –> 00:02:51,000
mozne najst v Medenych kanonoch Mexika,

73
00:02:51,000 –> 00:02:53,000
kde zije kmen, samotarsky kmen,

74
00:02:53,000 –> 00:02:55,000
nazyvany Tarahumarsky Indiani.

75
00:02:55,000 –> 00:02:58,000
Tarahumara su pozoruhodny troma vecami.

76
00:02:58,000 –> 00:03:00,000
Prvou je,

77
00:03:00,000 –> 00:03:02,000
ze ziju v podstate bezo zmeny

78
00:03:02,000 –> 00:03:04,000
uz skoro 400 rokov.

79
00:03:04,000 –> 00:03:07,000
Ked dobyvatelia dorazili do Severnej Ameriky mali ste dve moznosti:

80
00:03:07,000 –> 00:03:10,000
bud sa branit a bojovat, alebo co najskor odist.

81
00:03:10,000 –> 00:03:12,000
Mayovia a Aztekovia sa rozhodli bojovat,

82
00:03:12,000 –> 00:03:15,000
a to je dovod, preco existuje velmi malo Mayov a Aztekov.

83
00:03:15,000 –> 00:03:17,000
Tarahumara mali inu strategiu.

84
00:03:17,000 –> 00:03:19,000
Vzali nohy na plecia a schovali sa

85
00:03:19,000 –> 00:03:21,000
v labyrinte sieti

86
00:03:21,000 –> 00:03:23,000
v pavucej spleti kanonov

87
00:03:23,000 –> 00:03:25,000
nazyvanych Medene kanony,

88
00:03:25,000 –> 00:03:28,000
a tam zostali od r. 1600 –

89
00:03:28,000 –> 00:03:32,000
v podstate rovnaky, akymi vzdy boli.

90
00:03:32,000 –> 00:03:35,000
Druha vec pozoruhodna o Tarahumara

91
00:03:35,000 –> 00:03:38,000
je, az hlboko do veku – 70-80 rokov –

92
00:03:38,000 –> 00:03:40,000
tito Indiani nie su maratonsky bezci,

93
00:03:40,000 –> 00:03:42,000
su to beziaci mega-maratonci.

94
00:03:42,000 –> 00:03:44,000
Oni nebehaju 42 kilometrov,

95
00:03:44,000 –> 00:03:47,000
robia 150, 250 kilometrov na jeden zatah,

96
00:03:47,000 –> 00:03:50,000
a bez zraneni a bez problemov.

97
00:03:50,000 –> 00:03:52,000
Posledna vec, ktora je pozoruhodna o Tarahumara

98
00:03:52,000 –> 00:03:54,000
je, ze vsetky veci, o ktorych budeme dnes hovorit,

99
00:03:54,000 –> 00:03:56,000
ze vsetky veci, na ktore sa snazime prist

100
00:03:56,000 –> 00:03:59,000
s vyuzitim vsetkych nasich technologii a mozgov –

101
00:03:59,000 –> 00:04:01,000
veci, ako ochorenie srdca, vysoka hladina cholesterolu, rakovina

102
00:04:01,000 –> 00:04:04,000
ci trestna cinnost a bojovanie proti nasiliu alebo klinicka depresia –

103
00:04:04,000 –> 00:04:07,000
vsetky tieto veci, nehovoria Tarahumara Indianom vobec nic.

104
00:04:07,000 –> 00:04:09,000
Su oslobodeny

105
00:04:09,000 –> 00:04:11,000
od vsetkych tychto modernych ochoreni.

106
00:04:11,000 –> 00:04:13,000
Takze kde je spojenie?

107
00:04:13,000 –> 00:04:15,000
Opat plati, ze hovorime o outsidroch spolocnosti.

108
00:04:15,000 –> 00:04:17,000
Prave tam musi byt nejaky druh priciny a nasledku.

109
00:04:17,000 –> 00:04:19,000
Existuju timy vedcov

110
00:04:19,000 –> 00:04:21,000
na Harvarde a Universite v Utahu

111
00:04:21,000 –> 00:04:23,000
, ktore si lamu mozgy, a pokusaju sa prist na to,

112
00:04:23,000 –> 00:04:26,000
co Tarahumara vedeli odjakziva.

113
00:04:26,000 –> 00:04:29,000
Snazia sa riesit tie iste zahady.

114
00:04:29,000 –> 00:04:32,000
A opat, zahada zabalene vo vnutri inej zahady –

115
00:04:32,000 –> 00:04:35,000
Mozno vsak kluc k Derartu Tulu a Tarahumara

116
00:04:35,000 –> 00:04:38,000
je zabaleny v dalsich troch zahadach, ktore su:

117
00:04:38,000 –> 00:04:40,000
Tri veci – ak mate odpoved, pridte na podium a zoberte si mikrofon,

118
00:04:40,000 –> 00:04:42,000
pretoze nikto nepozna spravnu odpoved.

119
00:04:42,000 –> 00:04:45,000
A ak odpoved poznate, potom ste mudrejsi nez ktokolvek iny na planete Zem.

120
00:04:45,000 –> 00:04:47,000
Zahada cislo jedna je nasledujuca:

121
00:04:47,000 –> 00:04:50,000
Pred dvoma milionmi rokov ludsky mozog explodoval vo velkosti.

122
00:04:50,000 –> 00:04:52,000
Australopithecus mal mozgu malinky ako hrasok.

123
00:04:52,000 –> 00:04:54,000
Zrazu sa vsak objavili ludia – Homo erectus –

124
00:04:54,000 –> 00:04:56,000
klasicky velka melonova hlava.

125
00:04:56,000 –> 00:04:58,000
Ak chcete mat mozog tejto velkosti,

126
00:04:58,000 –> 00:05:01,000
musite mat zdroj kondenzovanej kalorickej energie.

127
00:05:01,000 –> 00:05:03,000
Inymi slovami, prvy ludia jedli mrtve zvierata –

128
00:05:03,000 –> 00:05:05,000
ziadne argumentovanie netreba, to je fakt.

129
00:05:05,000 –> 00:05:07,000
Jedinym problemom je,

130
00:05:07,000 –> 00:05:10,000
ze prve ostre zbrane sa objavili len pred asi 200 tisic rokmi.

131
00:05:10,000 –> 00:05:13,000
Takze nejako za posledne dva miliony rokov,

132
00:05:13,000 –> 00:05:16,000
sme proste zabijali zver bez zbrani.

133
00:05:16,000 –> 00:05:18,000
Nepouzivali sme na to nasu silu, to je jasne

134
00:05:18,000 –> 00:05:20,000
pretoze ako vieme, sme najvacsi bojazlivci v dzungli.

135
00:05:20,000 –> 00:05:22,000
Kazde ine zviera je silnejsie ako my.

136
00:05:22,000 –> 00:05:25,000
Zvierata maju zuby, maju pazury, maju obratnost, maju rychlost.

137
00:05:25,000 –> 00:05:28,000
Myslite si, ze Usain Bolt je rychly. Usainovi Boltovi nakope zadok obycajna vevericka.

138
00:05:28,000 –> 00:05:30,000
Vobec nie sme rychly.

139
00:05:30,000 –> 00:05:32,000
Naozajstnou olympijskou disciplinou by malo byt: Chyt Vevericku!

140
00:05:32,000 –> 00:05:35,000
Ten, kto chyti vevericku, ziska zlatu medailu.

141
00:05:35,000 –> 00:05:38,000
Takze, nnemame ziadne zbrane, ziadnu rychlost, ziadnu sila, ziadne zuby, ziadne pazury.

142
00:05:38,000 –> 00:05:41,000
Tak ako sme teda zabijali vsetky tie zvierata? To je zahada cislo jedna.

143
00:05:41,000 –> 00:05:43,000
Zahada cislo dva:

144
00:05:43,000 –> 00:05:46,000
Zeny su sucastou olympijskych hier uz nejaku tu dekadu,

145
00:05:46,000 –> 00:05:48,000
ale jedna vec je pozoruhodna na vsetky zenach sprinterkach –

146
00:05:48,000 –> 00:05:50,000
vsetky su v sprintovani uplne hrozne.

147
00:05:50,000 –> 00:05:52,000
V skutocnosti nie je ziadna rychla zena na tejto planete

148
00:05:52,000 –> 00:05:54,000
a nikdy ani nebola.

149
00:05:54,000 –> 00:05:57,000
Najrychlejsie zena co kedy zabehla milu (1.6 km), ju bezala 4 minuty 15 sekund.

150
00:05:57,000 –> 00:05:59,000
Keby som hodil kamenom do skupinky chlapcov na strednej skole,

151
00:05:59,000 –> 00:06:01,000
trafil by som jedneho ktory moze bezat milu rychlejsie nez 4,15.

152
00:06:01,000 –> 00:06:03,000
Z nejakeho dovodu su zeny proste hrozne pomale.

153
00:06:03,000 –> 00:06:05,000
(Smiech)

154
00:06:05,000 –> 00:06:08,000
Ale podme k maratonu o ktorom sme sa v uvode rozpravali –

155
00:06:08,000 –> 00:06:10,000
zeny, vam bolo dovolene bezat maraton iba poslednych 20 rokov.

156
00:06:10,000 –> 00:06:12,000
Pretoze, pred 1980,

157
00:06:12,000 –> 00:06:15,000
lekarska veda hovorila, ze ak sa zena sa pokusi bezat 42 km –

158
00:06:15,000 –> 00:06:17,000
Vie niekto, co by sa stalo, keby ste sa pokusili bezat 42 km?

159
00:06:17,000 –> 00:06:21,000
Preco ste to zeny mali zakazane na maratonoch pred 1980 rokom?

160
00:06:21,000 –> 00:06:24,000
(Clen Publika: Lebo by im to roztrhlo maternicu.) Zenska maternica by sa roztrhla.

161
00:06:24,000 –> 00:06:26,000
Ano. Roztrhlo by Vam to reprodukcne organy.

162
00:06:26,000 –> 00:06:29,000
Maternica by vypadla von, doslova vypadla z tela.

163
00:06:29,000 –> 00:06:31,000
Hm, bol som na vela maratonoch,

164
00:06:31,000 –> 00:06:33,000
ale este som ziadnu maternicu na ceste nevidel.

165
00:06:33,000 –> 00:06:36,000
(Smiech)

166
00:06:36,000 –> 00:06:39,000
Takze je to len 20 rokov, co maju zeny dovolene bezat maraton.

167
00:06:39,000 –> 00:06:41,000
V takejto kratkej dobe,

168
00:06:41,000 –> 00:06:44,000
sa zeny vzniesli z obdonia nicenia si organov

169
00:06:44,000 –> 00:06:46,000
az na to, ze su iba 10 minut za

170
00:06:46,000 –> 00:06:48,000
muzskym svetovym rekordom.

171
00:06:48,000 –> 00:06:50,000
Ale podme nad ramec 42 kilometrov,

172
00:06:50,000 –> 00:06:53,000
do vzdialensti, o ktorych nam lekarska veda tiez povedala, ze mozu byt pre cloveka smrtelne –

173
00:06:53,000 –> 00:06:55,000
pamatate si predsa Pheidippidesa, umrel, bezal 42 km –

174
00:06:55,000 –> 00:06:57,000
Ked sa dostanete na 80 a 160 km,

175
00:06:57,000 –> 00:06:59,000
a zrazu je to uplne ina hra.

176
00:06:59,000 –> 00:07:02,000
Zoberte si bezkyne ako je Anna Trasonova, alebo Nikki Kimballova, alebo Jenn Sheltonova,

177
00:07:02,000 –> 00:07:05,000
date ich do zavodu na 80 alebo 160 km, proti komukolvek na svete (muz ci zena)

178
00:07:05,000 –> 00:07:07,000
a mozete si hodit los, kto vyhra.

179
00:07:07,000 –> 00:07:09,000
Dam vam priklad.

180
00:07:09,000 –> 00:07:11,000
Pred par rokmi, sa Emily Baerova prihlasila na preteky.

181
00:07:11,000 –> 00:07:13,000
Volaju sa: Hardrock 100 mil (160km),

182
00:07:13,000 –> 00:07:16,000
nazov ktory vam povie vsetko, co potrebujete vediet o zavode.

183
00:07:16,000 –> 00:07:18,000
Daju vam 48 hodin na dobehnutie do ciela.

184
00:07:18,000 –> 00:07:20,000
Emily Baerova – z pomedzi 500 bezcov –

185
00:07:20,000 –> 00:07:22,000
skoncila na osmom mieste, v top 10tke,

186
00:07:22,000 –> 00:07:24,000
a to dokazala aj napriek tomu, ze sa zastavila na vsetkych staniciach pomoci

187
00:07:24,000 –> 00:07:27,000
kde dojcila svoje dieta pocas priebehu zavodu –

188
00:07:27,000 –> 00:07:29,000
a aj napriek tomu, porazila 492 dalsich zavodnikov.

189
00:07:29,000 –> 00:07:31,000
Posledna zahada: Ako je mozne ze zeny su silnejsie

190
00:07:31,000 –> 00:07:33,000
cim su vzdialenosti dlhsie?

191
00:07:33,000 –> 00:07:35,000
Tretia zahada:

192
00:07:35,000 –> 00:07:38,000
Na Universite v Utahu, zacali sledovat finalne casy

193
00:07:38,000 –> 00:07:40,000
vsetkych zavodnikov, vsetkych maratonov.

194
00:07:40,000 –> 00:07:42,000
A to co zistili

195
00:07:42,000 –> 00:07:44,000
je, ze ak zacnete behat maraton vo veku 19 rokov,

196
00:07:44,000 –> 00:07:46,000
budete sa postupne zrychlovat, rok po roku,

197
00:07:46,000 –> 00:07:48,000
az kym nedosiahnete svoj vrchol vo veku zhruba 27 rokov.

198
00:07:48,000 –> 00:07:50,000
A potom, podlahnete

199
00:07:50,000 –> 00:07:52,000
prisnym zakonom casu.

200
00:07:52,000 –> 00:07:54,000
A budete behat rok od roku pomalsie a pomalsie,

201
00:07:54,000 –> 00:07:57,000
az nakoniec budete naspat na beziaci rychlosti, ktoru ste mali vo veku 19 rokov.

202
00:07:57,000 –> 00:07:59,000
Takze asi sedem, ci osem rokov, nez dosiahnete svoj vrchol,

203
00:07:59,000 –> 00:08:01,000
a potom budete postupne padat z vasho vrcholu,

204
00:08:01,000 –> 00:08:04,000
az kym sa vratite do vychodiskoveho bodu.

205
00:08:04,000 –> 00:08:07,000
Asi si myslite, ze to trvat tiez osem rokov, nez sa vratite na rovnaku rychlost,

206
00:08:07,000 –> 00:08:10,000
alebo mozno 10 rokov – mylite sa, je to 45 rokov.

207
00:08:10,000 –> 00:08:12,000
60 rokov stary muzi a zeny

208
00:08:12,000 –> 00:08:15,000
behaju tak rychlo, ako ked boli vo veku 19tich rokov.

209
00:08:15,000 –> 00:08:18,000
Teraz mi vzdorujte a skuste prist s nejakou inou fyzickou aktivitou –

210
00:08:18,000 –> 00:08:22,000
a prosim nehovorte golf – nieco, povedzte nieco co je skutocne tazke –

211
00:08:22,000 –> 00:08:24,000
kde geriatrici vykonavaju cinnost

212
00:08:24,000 –> 00:08:27,000
rovnako dobre ako to robili ked boli teenageri.

213
00:08:27,000 –> 00:08:29,000
Takze mate tieto tri zahady.

214
00:08:29,000 –> 00:08:31,000
Je aspon jeden kusok v tomto hlavolame

215
00:08:31,000 –> 00:08:33,000
ktory by nam pomohol zbalit vsetky tieto veci dohormady?

216
00:08:33,000 –> 00:08:35,000
Treba byt naozaj opatrny, pretoze je zname ze kedykolvek

217
00:08:35,000 –> 00:08:38,000
sa niekto pozre spat do historie, vyjde bez problemov s nejakou globalnou odpovedou,

218
00:08:38,000 –> 00:08:40,000
uz len preto, ze to je prehistoria,

219
00:08:40,000 –> 00:08:42,000
moze povedat, co len chce a nemat ziadne vycitky.

220
00:08:42,000 –> 00:08:44,000
Tak ale, skusim Vam to predsa predlozit:

221
00:08:44,000 –> 00:08:46,000
Ak date jeden kusok hlavolamu presne do stredu tejto skladacky,

222
00:08:46,000 –> 00:08:49,000
zrazu to vsetko zacne tvorit uceleny obraz.

223
00:08:49,000 –> 00:08:51,000
Ak by vas zaujimalo, preco Tarahumara Indiani nebojuju

224
00:08:51,000 –> 00:08:53,000
a neumieraju na ochorenia srdca,

225
00:08:53,000 –> 00:08:56,000
Preco chudobna etiopska zena Derartu Tulu

226
00:08:56,000 –> 00:08:59,000
moze byt najviac sucitna a predsa najviac konkurencieschopna,

227
00:08:59,000 –> 00:09:01,000
a preco sme tak nejako boli schopni

228
00:09:01,000 –> 00:09:03,000
najst jedlo bez zbrani,

229
00:09:03,000 –> 00:09:05,000
mozno je to len preto, ze ludia,

230
00:09:05,000 –> 00:09:08,000
aj ked si radi o sebe myslia ze su majstri sveta,

231
00:09:08,000 –> 00:09:10,000
sa vlastne vyvinuli ako nic viac

232
00:09:10,000 –> 00:09:12,000
nez len svorka loveckych psov.

233
00:09:12,000 –> 00:09:14,000
Mozno, ze sme sa vyvinuli

234
00:09:14,000 –> 00:09:16,000
ako lovec zvierat v svorke.

235
00:09:16,000 –> 00:09:18,000
Pretoze, jednu vyhodu ktoru v divocine mame-

236
00:09:18,000 –> 00:09:20,000
znovu, nie su to nase tesaky a nase pazury a nasa rychlost –

237
00:09:20,000 –> 00:09:23,000
jedina vec, ktoru robime naozaj, naozaj dobre, je to ze sa potime.

238
00:09:23,000 –> 00:09:26,000
Sme naozaj dobry v poteni a pachnuti.

239
00:09:26,000 –> 00:09:29,000
Lepsi nez akykolvek iny cicavec na Zemi, dokazeme sa potim naozaj dobre.

240
00:09:29,000 –> 00:09:31,000
Vyhodou

241
00:09:31,000 –> 00:09:33,000
tejto tak trochu socialnej nepohodlnosti

242
00:09:33,000 –> 00:09:35,000
je skutocnost, ze, pokial ide o behanie

243
00:09:35,000 –> 00:09:38,000
v horucom pocasi a na dlhe vzdialenosti,

244
00:09:38,000 –> 00:09:41,000
sme vynikajuci, sme absolutne najlepsi na tejto planete.

245
00:09:41,000 –> 00:09:43,000
Zoberte sa na koni v horucom dni,

246
00:09:43,000 –> 00:09:45,000
a po 8-10 tich kilometroch, ma kon na vyber.

247
00:09:45,000 –> 00:09:48,000
Bud zastane a dycha alebo sa musi nejak ochladit,

248
00:09:48,000 –> 00:09:50,000
ale nemoze robit tieto dve veci naraz. Ludia vsak mozu.

249
00:09:50,000 –> 00:09:53,000
Takze, co ak sme sa vyvinuli ako loviaca svorka?

250
00:09:53,000 –> 00:09:57,000
Co ak nasou jedinou prirodzenou vyhodou na tomto svete

251
00:09:57,000 –> 00:09:59,000
bola skutocnost, ze sme sa dokazali dat dohromady ako skupina,

252
00:09:59,000 –> 00:10:02,000
vyrazit si do africkej savany, vybrat si antilopu

253
00:10:02,000 –> 00:10:05,000
a vybrat sa za nou ako svorka a ubehat ju k smrti?

254
00:10:05,000 –> 00:10:07,000
V podstate je to vsetko, co sme vtedy dokazali;

255
00:10:07,000 –> 00:10:09,000
mohli sme totiz behat velke vzdialensoti aj v horucom pocasi.

256
00:10:09,000 –> 00:10:12,000
A ak je toto pravda, par dalsich veci, musi byt tiez rovnako pravdivych.

257
00:10:12,000 –> 00:10:15,000
Klucom k bytiu sucastou loveckej skupiny je slovo “skupina/svorka”.

258
00:10:15,000 –> 00:10:17,000
Ak by ste mali ist na lov sam, a snazili by ste sa nahanat antilopu,

259
00:10:17,000 –> 00:10:20,000
zarucujem vam, ze na Savane by zostali dve mrtvoly.

260
00:10:20,000 –> 00:10:22,000
Na taketo nieco treba svorku co taha za jeden povraz.

261
00:10:22,000 –> 00:10:24,000
Musite mat zopar tych 64 a 65 rocnych ludi

262
00:10:24,000 –> 00:10:26,000
ktori lovia uz dlhe roky

263
00:10:26,000 –> 00:10:28,000
ktory chapu, ktoru antilopu treba vybrat a chytit.

264
00:10:28,000 –> 00:10:31,000
Stado exploduje a zhromazduje sa naspat.

265
00:10:31,000 –> 00:10:33,000
Dalej, experti stopary musia byt sucastou svorky.

266
00:10:33,000 –> 00:10:35,000
Nemozu byt 15 km pozadu.

267
00:10:35,000 –> 00:10:37,000
Musite mat tiez zeny a dorast

268
00:10:37,000 –> 00:10:40,000
pretoze len dvakrat vo svojom zivote najviac tazite zo zivocisnych bielkovin

269
00:10:40,000 –> 00:10:43,000
a to, ked ste dojciace matky a rozvijajuci sa dospievajuci dorast.

270
00:10:43,000 –> 00:10:45,000
Nema zmysel mat antilopu mrtvu na jednej strane savany

271
00:10:45,000 –> 00:10:47,000
a ludi, co ju chcu jest zhruba 80 km odtial :)

272
00:10:47,000 –> 00:10:49,000
Cize musia byt sucastou svorky aj oni.

273
00:10:49,000 –> 00:10:51,000
A musite mat tych 27 rocnych mladikov na vrchole svojich sil

274
00:10:51,000 –> 00:10:53,000
pripravenych na zabitie,

275
00:10:53,000 –> 00:10:55,000
a tiez musite mat mladych teenagerov na mieste,

276
00:10:55,000 –> 00:10:57,000
ktori sa ucia celu vec od ostatnych zucastnenych.

277
00:10:57,000 –> 00:10:59,000
Svorka musi zostat pohromade.

278
00:10:59,000 –> 00:11:02,000
Dalsia vec, ktora musi platit o tejto svorke: je ze svorka nemoze byt materialisticky zalozena.

279
00:11:02,000 –> 00:11:05,000
Nemozete vytahovat vase blbe kecy, ked sa snazite prenasledovat antilopu.

280
00:11:05,000 –> 00:11:08,000
Nemozete byt nastvanou svorkou. Nemozete sa na niekoho dlho hnevat.

281
00:11:08,000 –> 00:11:10,000
Nemozete povedat: “Ja nebudem nahanat jeho antilopu.

282
00:11:10,000 –> 00:11:12,000
Minule ma nastval. Nechaj ho, nech si nahanat svoju vlastnu antilopu sam!”

283
00:11:12,000 –> 00:11:15,000
Svorka sa musi naucit a byt schopna prehltnut svoje vlastne ego,

284
00:11:15,000 –> 00:11:17,000
byt kooperativny a tahat za jeden povraz.

285
00:11:17,000 –> 00:11:20,000
A s cim skoncite, inymi slovami,

286
00:11:20,000 –> 00:11:22,000
je kultura pozoruhodne podobna

287
00:11:22,000 –> 00:11:24,000
Tarahumara Indianom –

288
00:11:24,000 –> 00:11:26,000
kmenu, ktory zostala bezo zmien

289
00:11:26,000 –> 00:11:28,000
od mladsej doby kamennej.

290
00:11:28,000 –> 00:11:30,000
Je to naozaj presvedcivy argument

291
00:11:30,000 –> 00:11:32,000
, mozno ze Tarahumara robia

292
00:11:32,000 –> 00:11:35,000
presne to, co kazdy z nas robil posledne dva miliony rokov.

293
00:11:35,000 –> 00:11:38,000
Ze mozno sme to prave mi, co v modernej dobe trochu odbocili z cesty.

294
00:11:38,000 –> 00:11:41,000
Viete, dneska sa vsetci pozerame na beh, ako na nieco divne, nam cudzie,

295
00:11:41,000 –> 00:11:44,000
nieco co robime za trest, pretoze sme na veceru jedli pizzu.

296
00:11:44,000 –> 00:11:46,000
Ale mozno je to nieco ine.

297
00:11:46,000 –> 00:11:49,000
Mozno, ze my sme ti, ktori sa narodili s prirodzenu vyhodou

298
00:11:49,000 –> 00:11:51,000
a jednoducho sme si ju pokazili.

299
00:11:51,000 –> 00:11:54,000
Ako sme si ju mohli pokazit? Hm, no ako sa nieco da pokazit?

300
00:11:54,000 –> 00:11:56,000
Snazime sa na tom zarobit.

301
00:11:56,000 –> 00:11:58,000
Snazime sa to zabalit, prebalit, a spravit to lepsie

302
00:11:58,000 –> 00:12:00,000
a predat to ludom.

303
00:12:00,000 –> 00:12:02,000
A co sa stalo bolo to, ze sme zacali vytvarat

304
00:12:02,000 –> 00:12:04,000
tieto fantasticke odpruzene veci,

305
00:12:04,000 –> 00:12:07,000
v ktorych sa nam bezi lepsie, tzv. bezecke topanky.

306
00:12:07,000 –> 00:12:10,000
Dovod, preco som ja osobne nastvany na bezecke topanky

307
00:12:10,000 –> 00:12:13,000
Je ten, ze som si kupil uz asi milion parov a vzdy sa v nich aj tak zranil.

308
00:12:13,000 –> 00:12:15,000
Prave som sa bavil s niekym kto dokaze naozaj behat –

309
00:12:15,000 –> 00:12:17,000
mal som rozhovor s Carol;

310
00:12:17,000 –> 00:12:20,000
v zakulisi sme sa rozpravali sotva dve minuty, a uz hovorila o liecbe plantarnej fasciitidy.

311
00:12:20,000 –> 00:12:23,000
Pokecajte si s akymkolvek bezcom, a zarucujem vam, ze do 30 sekund,

312
00:12:23,000 –> 00:12:25,000
sa konverzacia obrati k zraneniam.

313
00:12:25,000 –> 00:12:28,000
Preco ak sa ludia vyvinuli ako bezci, ak je to zrovna nasa jedina fyzicka vyhoda,

314
00:12:28,000 –> 00:12:31,000
Preco nam to zrovna teraz nejak moc nejde? Preco mame neustale nejake zranenia?

315
00:12:31,000 –> 00:12:33,000
Zaujimavostou na behu, a na zraneniach z behu

316
00:12:33,000 –> 00:12:36,000
je to, ze zranenia z behu su novinkou dnesnej doby.

317
00:12:36,000 –> 00:12:38,000
Ak budete citat folklor a mytologiu,

318
00:12:38,000 –> 00:12:40,000
ci akekolvek ine myty a rozpravky,

319
00:12:40,000 –> 00:12:42,000
beh je vzdy spojeny

320
00:12:42,000 –> 00:12:45,000
so slobodou a vitalitou, mladostou a vecnou silou.

321
00:12:45,000 –> 00:12:47,000
Je to len v nedavno, v nasej generacii

322
00:12:47,000 –> 00:12:49,000
co sa beh stal niecim co je spojene so strachom a bolestou.

323
00:12:49,000 –> 00:12:51,000
Geronimo povedal:

324
00:12:51,000 –> 00:12:54,000
“Moji jediny priatelia su moje nohy. Verim len svojim noham.”

325
00:12:54,000 –> 00:12:56,000
Asi preto, ze Apachsky triatlon

326
00:12:56,000 –> 00:12:58,000
byval asi tym, ze sa bezalo 50 kilometrov cez pust,

327
00:12:58,000 –> 00:13:00,000
zangazovalo sa v pastnom suboji, ukradlo sa kopec koni

328
00:13:00,000 –> 00:13:02,000
a uplachlo sa kade lahsie.

329
00:13:02,000 –> 00:13:04,000
Geronimo nikdy nehovoril: “Ach, viete co,

330
00:13:04,000 –> 00:13:07,000
moja Achilova slaha ma tak suzuje. Musim si zobrat asi tyzden volna, ”

331
00:13:07,000 –> 00:13:09,000
alebo “Musim zmenit styl,

332
00:13:09,000 –> 00:13:12,000
Dneska som necvicil jogu. Proste nie som pripraveny. ”

333
00:13:12,000 –> 00:13:14,000
Ludia behali a behali cele veky.

334
00:13:14,000 –> 00:13:16,000
A dnes sme v tomto obdobi. Mame digitalne technologie.

335
00:13:16,000 –> 00:13:18,000
Vsetka nasa veda vychadza z faktu,

336
00:13:18,000 –> 00:13:20,000
ze nasi predkovia boli schopni

337
00:13:20,000 –> 00:13:22,000
robit nieco mimoriadneho kazdy jeden den,

338
00:13:22,000 –> 00:13:24,000
a to spoliehat sa na svoje hole nohy a chodidla

339
00:13:24,000 –> 00:13:26,000
a bezat dlhe vzdialenosti.

340
00:13:26,000 –> 00:13:28,000
Tak pytam sa, ako sa vratime spat do rytmu?

341
00:13:28,000 –> 00:13:30,000
No, navrhnem vam nieco, prva vec, ktoru spravte je:

342
00:13:30,000 –> 00:13:33,000
zbavte sa vsetkych obalov, vsetky predajov, vsetkeho marketingu.

343
00:13:33,000 –> 00:13:35,000
Zbavte sa vsetkych pachnucich bezeckych topaniek.

344
00:13:35,000 –> 00:13:37,000
Prestante sa zameraniavat na behanie mestskych maratonov,

345
00:13:37,000 –> 00:13:40,000
kde ak nezabehnete pod styri hodiny tak ste slaboch

346
00:13:40,000 –> 00:13:42,000
a kde ak spravite cas 3.59.59 tak ste uzasny,

347
00:13:42,000 –> 00:13:44,000
preto, lebo ste sa tym kvalifikovali na dalsie preteky.

348
00:13:44,000 –> 00:13:47,000
Musime sa dostat spat k pocitu hravosti a radosti

349
00:13:47,000 –> 00:13:50,000
a, povedal by som, nahoty

350
00:13:50,000 –> 00:13:52,000
, ktora spravila Tarahumarov

351
00:13:52,000 –> 00:13:55,000
jednym z najzdravsich a najpokojnejsich kultur nasej doby.

352
00:13:55,000 –> 00:13:57,000
Ale aky to ma prospech? Aky?

353
00:13:57,000 –> 00:14:00,000
Okrem toho ze ste spalili Haagen-Dazs z predoslej noci?

354
00:14:00,000 –> 00:14:03,000
Mozno este jeden.

355
00:14:03,000 –> 00:14:06,000
Bez toho aby som bol prilis extremny vo svojom nazore,

356
00:14:06,000 –> 00:14:08,000
Predstavte si svet

357
00:14:08,000 –> 00:14:10,000
kde by si kazdy mohol vyjst von z dveri

358
00:14:10,000 –> 00:14:12,000
a zapojit sa do druhu cvicenia

359
00:14:12,000 –> 00:14:15,000
ktore ich spravi uvolnenejsimi, pokojnejsimi,

360
00:14:15,000 –> 00:14:17,000
viacej zdravymi,

361
00:14:17,000 –> 00:14:19,000
ktore spali stres –

362
00:14:19,000 –> 00:14:21,000
kde nebudu ludia chodit do svojich kancelarii zuriaci ako maniaci,

363
00:14:21,000 –> 00:14:23,000
kde nepridete domov znova a opat vystresovany.

364
00:14:23,000 –> 00:14:26,000
Mozno je tu nieco medzi tym, co sme dnes

365
00:14:26,000 –> 00:14:29,000
a co Tarahumara boli vzdy.

366
00:14:29,000 –> 00:14:31,000
Nehovorim, vratme sa vsetci naspat do Medenych Canonov

367
00:14:31,000 –> 00:14:34,000
a jedzme len obilie a kukuricu, co je Tarahumarmi uprednostnovana strava,

368
00:14:34,000 –> 00:14:36,000
ale mozno existuje niekde ‘medzi’.

369
00:14:36,000 –> 00:14:38,000
A ak najdeme kde to medzi je,

370
00:14:38,000 –> 00:14:41,000
mozno za to niekto vyhra velku tucnu Nobelovu cenu.

371
00:14:41,000 –> 00:14:44,000
Pretoze ak by niekto dokazal najst sposob, ako

372
00:14:44,000 –> 00:14:46,000
obnovit nasu prirodzenu schopnost

373
00:14:46,000 –> 00:14:48,000
ktoru sme si vsetci uzivali vacsinu nasej existencie,

374
00:14:48,000 –> 00:14:50,000
a ktoru sme si vsetci uzivali az do zhruba 70tich rokov, ci tak nejak,

375
00:14:50,000 –> 00:14:52,000
socialne, fyzicke

376
00:14:52,000 –> 00:14:55,000
politicke a dusevne vyhody,

377
00:14:55,000 –> 00:14:57,000
z toho by mohla byt jednoducho ohromujuce.

378
00:14:57,000 –> 00:15:00,000
To, co vidim dnes je to, ze rastie podkultura

379
00:15:00,000 –> 00:15:03,000
bosych bezcov, ludi, ktori sa zbavili svojich topanok.

380
00:15:03,000 –> 00:15:05,000
A co sa im podarilo najst, a to jednotne, je to

381
00:15:05,000 –> 00:15:08,000
ze ak sa zbavite topanok, zbavite sa stresu,

382
00:15:08,000 –> 00:15:10,000
zbavite sa zranenia a chorob.

383
00:15:10,000 –> 00:15:12,000
A co najdete, je nieco

384
00:15:12,000 –> 00:15:14,000
co Tarahumara vedeli po velmi dlhu dobu,

385
00:15:14,000 –> 00:15:16,000
ze behanie moze byt super zabava.

386
00:15:16,000 –> 00:15:18,000
Zazil som to osobne sam.

387
00:15:18,000 –> 00:15:21,000
Mal som zranenia svoj cely zivot, a potom v mojich ranych 40tich rokoch som sa zbavila svojich topanok

388
00:15:21,000 –> 00:15:23,000
a moj bezecke ochorenia zmizli raz a navzdy s nimi.

389
00:15:23,000 –> 00:15:25,000
Takze dufajme, ze tento moj odkaz je nieco, co dokazeme viacery z nas vyuzit.

390
00:15:25,000 –> 00:15:28,000
Vazim si, ze ste si vypoculi moj pribeh. Diky moc.

391
00:15:28,000 –> 00:15:30,000
(Potlesk)



Facebook Comments